Is Shepherd's Pie from Ireland? - ShanOre Irish Jewlery

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Is Shepherd’s Pie from Ireland?

Unraveling the Delicious Origins of the Shepherd’s Pie

Shepherd’s pie is a comforting and hearty dish that has become a favorite among many food enthusiasts. But where did this delicious creation originate? There has been a long-standing debate about the true roots of shepherd’s pie. Some claim it to be an Irish specialty, but is that true?

Today we will uncover the bits and pieces of history that shed light on the creation of shepherd’s pie. We’ll look at how shepherd’s pie and cottage pie are alike and different, and see if Irish culture played a role.

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A Brief History

Shepherd’s Pie: A Brief History

The history of Cottage Pie and Shepherd’s Pie intertwines with the influence of British occupation on Ireland.

Cottage Pie is believed to have originated in the United Kingdom in the 19th century. It emerged as a frugal dish among the working class, providing a way to repurpose leftover meat and minimize waste.

The dish typically featured minced beef as the primary ingredient, combined with vegetables and topped with mashed potatoes. Some people believe the name “Cottage Pie” was coined about country folk who lived in modest houses called cottages.

As the British occupied Ireland, they introduced their culinary preferences and practices. That included their fondness for beef and beef-based dishes like Cottage Pie.

However, the Irish had different dietary preferences and economic circumstances. They were not significant beefeaters, and under British rule, they often faced financial limitations that made beef unaffordable. In contrast, sheep farming thrived in Ireland, making lamb and mutton more accessible.

These circumstances led to the evolution of Shepherd’s Pie in Ireland. While both dishes share similar characteristics, the key distinction lies in the choice of meat.

The poor British from rural areas inspired the creation of the Cottage Pie. The Irish made their own version of Shepherd’s Pie using lamb and their own cooking style.

This historical context highlights the interplay between cultural influences and economic factors that shaped Irish cuisine.

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Traditional Shepherd’s Pie

Traditional Shepherd's Pie

A traditional shepherd’s pie consists of a layer of minced lamb or mutton topped with a generous layer of mashed potatoes. People often cook the minced meat with spices like thyme, rosemary, and onions. They spread the mashed potatoes over the meat mixture and oven-cook until golden and bubbling. Some also like to add a bottom layer of mash, creating top and bottom layers.

Traditional Cottage Pie

A traditional cottage pie follows a similar preparation method, but swaps the minced lamb or mutton for minced beef. This recipe usually includes onions, carrots, and other vegetables, creating a savory and comforting filling. The mashed potato topping provides a delicious contrast to the rich meaty filling.

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Sides that Complement Shepherd’s Pie

Sides that Complement Shepherd's Pie

In Ireland, we often pair our shepherd’s pie dinner with dishes that complement its rich flavors. Traditional options include steamed or buttered vegetables like peas, carrots, or cabbage. These colorful sides complement the meat and potatoes and add a refreshing taste.

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Recipe for Shepherd’s Pie

Here’s a simple recipe for you to try at home:


  • 500g minced lamb or mutton
  • 1 onion, finely chopped
  • 2 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 1 tablespoon tomato paste
  • 1 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
  • 1 teaspoon thyme leaves
  • 1 teaspoon rosemary leaves
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 800g potatoes, peeled and boiled
  • 50g butter
  • 100ml milk
  • Salt and pepper for the mashed


  1. Preheat your oven to 200°C (400°F).
  2. In a large skillet, cook the minced lamb or mutton over medium heat until browned. Add the chopped onion and minced garlic, cooking until the onion is translucent.
  3. Stir in the tomato paste, Worcestershire sauce, thyme leaves, rosemary leaves, salt, and pepper. Let the mixture simmer for a few minutes to allow the flavors to meld together.
  4. In a separate pot, mash the boiled potatoes with butter and milk until smooth and creamy. Season with salt and pepper to taste.
  5. Transfer the meat mixture to a baking dish, spreading it out evenly. Then, spread the mashed potatoes over the top, creating an even layer.
  6. Put the dish in the hot oven and cook for 25-30 minutes until the mashed potatoes are golden and crispy.
  7. Once cooked, remove the shepherd’s pie from the oven and let it cool for a few minutes before serving.
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Best Shepherd’s Pie Recipes

If you’re looking for more inspiration, here are some of the best shepherd’s pie recipes available online:

  1. “Classic Shepherd’s Pie” by Jamie Oliver: Check Here
  2. “Irish Shepherd’s Pie” by The Spruce Eats: Check Here
  3. “Vegetarian Shepherd’s Pie” by Pinch of Yum: Check Here

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To sum it up!

Shepherd’s Pie: to sum it up!

Shepherd’s pie may not have originated in Ireland, but it has undoubtedly become a beloved dish among the Irish people. Its humble beginnings and simple yet flavorful ingredients make it a true comfort food that has stood the test of time. So, why not give it a try and experience the heartwarming flavors of traditional Irish cuisine?

We’d love to hear from you! Share your ready-made plates of shepherd’s pie with us on Instagram.

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